Foot care essentials
Since your feet work hard for you every day, it’s important to pamper them, especially if you have diabetes.
Wash your feet daily — either in the morning or right before bed. Use a mild soap and lukewarm, not hot, water.
Dry your feet carefully with a soft towel giving special attention to dry between the toes.
Use talcum powder to keep moisture from building up. If the skin on your feet becomes dry, use a moisturizer, but avoid getting it between your toes.
After washing, trim toenails straight across and keep edges smooth with an emery board. Leave toenails slightly longer than the tips of your toes. Don’t cut into the corners of the toenail.
Let a foot care specialist trim your toenails if they are thick or yellowed, or are difficult to see or reach.
Wear clean, seamless, lightly padded well-fitting socks to avoid blisters or sores.
Buy shoes that fit well. Break new shoes in slowly by wearing them for 1 to 2 hours per day until they are broken in.
Wear slippers around the house to protect your feet if you step on anything.
When sitting, be sure to keep the circulation flowing to your feet. Prop them up and wiggle your toes and ankles.
Make sure to check your feet carefully every day. You may find it convenient to check your feet the same time as you wash them. Be on the lookout for red spots, cuts, blisters, bruises, sores or other changes that you may not even feel. If inspecting your feet closely is difficult, try using a mirror or asking someone to help you. Be sure to call your doctor if any wounds do not begin to heal after one day.
Foot care supply list:
Soft socks without seams
Padded shoes, slippers
What to do if you have corns or calluses
Check with your health care provider, or foot specialist first to find out the best way to care for your corns or calluses. Different types of care will be recommended depending on how well your diabetes is managed.
Avoid cutting corns or calluses. Don’t use razor blades, corn plasters, or liquid corn and callus removers as they can damage your skin.
Check with your doctor:
For guidance on caring for corns or calluses.
If a cut, sore, blister or bruise on your foot does not begin to heal after one day.
Have a foot exam at least once a year and report any foot pain or discomfort to your doctor. Your feet are not supposed to hurt. If you have a history of foot ulcers or high risk feet, (such as a history of amputation), talk with your doctor about seeing a foot specialist for on-going monitoring and evaluation.